Blue and Grey Collar Job Market in India
India is a fast-growing nation with thousands of qualified students passing out of colleges, venturing into the market every year. The rapidly growing economy and infrastructure in the country host a vast variety of job opportunities for new and experienced applicants alike making it a hot spot for young and aspiring individuals.
The difference in skillset between job aspirants has divided the jobs into the blue-collar, white-collar, grey-collar jobs, etc. Here are a few insights on the blue and grey- collar job market in India.
Employees have been classified based on their skillsets and their nature of work in the companies into blue-collar, white-collar, and grey-collar employees.
White-collar jobs are associated with clerical, administrative, and management positions while blue-collar jobs are associated with working-class employees handling manual labor.
Grey-collar jobs are a combination of both blue and white-collar jobs with features of both natures involved in these jobs.
Blue Collar Jobs
India is booming with blue-collared job opportunities in the field of eCommerce and logistics rising fast. People with technical knowledge and skillsets such as electricians, plumbers, Hardware repairmen, etc. have gained immense backing from application developers expanding their digital footprint and finding new opportunities.
There are over 300 million blue-collared workers in India with a rapid rise in their number due to the fall in agriculture employment and new batches of graduates passing out every year.
People with inadequate experience and educational qualifications resort to blue-collared jobs focussed mainly on manufacturing, retail, eCommerce, and logistics as they offer seemingly good job packages to attract young applications desperate for quick money. They have also evolved to become interesting part-time job opportunities for college students searching for part-time jobs in between their academic activities. Polls suggest that 35% of the general blue-collar workforce receives an average monthly pay of 15-20k.
Impact of COVID on Blue Collar Jobs
The COVID pandemic has greatly impacted the blue and grey-collar jobs in India. Most blue-collar jobs are concentrated in Tier 1 cities such as Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi, etc.
Pandemic has forced companies to cut down their workforce significantly to cut down on losses. Moreover, 40% of the blue-collar and grey-collar employees migrated to their hometowns due to the imposition of lockdown and lost their jobs due to the pandemic. Reports suggest that COVID has resulted in 1 million people losing their jobs and an estimated loss of 2467 crore rupees.
The market is slowly recovering from the pandemic with companies and organizations getting back on their saddles, rekindling their businesses. Employees have started to resume work in their office spaces and the demand for blue and grey-collar employees are growing rapidly. Survey reports suggest that 90% of the companies in Bangalore are looking forward to recruiting more people for blue-collared jobs by the end of the year.
Digital Advancements For Blue and Grey Collared Market
Companies and enterprises are slowly recovering from the impact of the pandemic and looking at hiring new people for blue and grey-collared jobs across different fields and sectors. The vast unemployment triggered by the pandemic has left millions of people out of work and searching for jobs desperately.
Their desperation is taken advantage of by fraudulent Human Power agencies who take huge sums of money or a fixed percentage of the salary of those people they assist in finding jobs. The unorganized nature of the sector with only 1% of the people having proper banking facilities makes it easy for such agencies and middlemen to manipulate job aspirants.
Companies like WorkIndia have set up dedicated digital platforms to help such people connect with their recruiters directly on their platform without any absurd rules and regulations. Such digital platforms have revolutionized blue and white-collared jobs providing them direct access to job opportunities without having to waste money on reaching out to recruiters. Companies are focussing on getting these duplicitous job placement agencies out of the online market to protect aspiring employees from getting scammed by them.
They estimate that there are around 1.5 lakh such agencies that are registered as consultancies and expect to find about 3 times more illegally established agencies. They feel that job aspirants are significantly affected by these online platforms as they charge exorbitant entry fees for obtaining jobs or obtain a fixed percentage of their salaries in exchange for the job. Digital services connecting aspirants and recruiters are a great first step in curtailing the exploitation of desperate, poverty-driven youngsters.
Scope for Blue and Grey Collared Jobs post-COVID
The future scope for blue and grey-collared jobs stands unclear with two different schools of thought both well-merited has emerged on social media platforms sowing the seeds of doubt and unrest among people.
Technological integration in work processes and implementation of automation in work processes results in decreased dependence on human employment for routine repetitive tasks that require less skill and more dedication of time. Polls suggest that 43% of businesses are planning to cut down on their workforce and replace them with technological integration viewing at the long-term cost efficiency of such solutions.
There is also the other school of thought which emphasizes the rapid recovery of businesses post COVID restrictions and considers it a bright sign of hope for the re-employment of blue and grey-collared jobs, especially in the metro cities. Government plans such as the Niti Aayog are set for implementation which will ensure the placement of 200 million blue-collar and grey-collar job aspirants helping them out during these distressing times.
The pandemic has affected the upper and lower echelons of the society the same, with the poor facing its brunt severely with short-term complications and the rich facing them over a delayed time frame. Gig projects often serve as the biggest provider for blue and grey-collared jobs and they will soon revive back to pre-COVID levels to meet the growing job requirements. In this growing economy, there will always be job opportunities for those aspiring for the betterment of their lives and the determination to constantly improve their skillsets to achieve it.
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